Painting and Color Combination
Fig-Color of Various Carpet

The Adequate Painting and Cleaning Plan for Erection Contract

The requirements of this article on painting and cleaning schedules of a contract should be interpreted in accordance with the requirements and recommendations of standard BS 5493 and CP 231, CP 3012 and the paint manufacturer’s special instructions where applicable.

Color selection should be in accordance with BS 1710 and BS 4800 or equivalent material standards.

The Paint Supplier Selection

Immediately following the award of a Contract, the Service provider should submit the names of the proposed paint supplier and applicator together with a quality assurance program for approval. 

All paints for a contract should be provided by one manufacturer and preferably should be manufactured in one country to ensure compatibility

Schedule and Service Life for Painting Work

The painting of the plant should be carried out in accordance with the appropriate schedule. 

The work is generally covered by the schedules but where particular items are not referred to specifically, they should be treated in a manner similar to other comparable items as agreed with the Engineer.

The schedule indicate standards of surface preparation and painting which is intended to give a minimum service life of 10 years in a coastal industrial environment, with need for minor remedial work only during the intervening period.

How Ensure Painting Standard

Steel sections and plate should be free from surface flaws and laminations prior to blast cleaning and should not be in worse condition than Pictorial Standard B, Swedish Standard SIS 05 5900.


The Engineer is prepared to consider alternative paint schemes to meet the requirements of fabrication using modern automated materials handling systems, provided they offer the same standards of surface protection and service life as those intended by the schedules.

All coating proposed for the internal protection of domestic water storage tanks and Employer sanitation plants should be certified by an approved independent Authority as suitable for use in potable water installations and should meet the non-painting requirements of BS 3416.

The Painting and Cleaning Procedure

All paints should be applied by brush or spray in accordance with the schedule, except for priming coats for steel floors, galleries and stairways where dipping is permitted.

Where paint is to be applied by spray, the applicator should demonstrate that the spray technique employed does not produce paint films containing vacuoles.

Where paint coatings are proposed for the protection of surfaces of equipment exposed to corrosive conditions, such as plant items exposed to brines or sea water immersion in liquid, or wet gases, the coatings should be formulated to the suitably corrosion resistant and should be high voltage spark tested at works and/or at site prior to commissioning.

High Voltage Direct Current Test Procedure for Painting

The test procedure should be based on the use of a high voltage direct current. The voltage used should be 75% of the breakdown voltage of the coating. This breakdown voltage should first be separately determined using test plates coated with the specified coating formulation and thickness. 

The coating on the test plate should also be micro-sectioned by the applicator to show that it is free from vacuoles and other defects likely to invalidate the test procedure.
If the defects revealed by the above test procedure do not exceed one per 5m2 of coating surface, the coating need not be re-tested after the defects have been repaired. If the defects exceed one per 5 m2 of coating surface, the repairs should be resettled after any curing is completed, and this procedure should be repeated until the defects are less than one per 5 m2 of coating surface. After repair of these defects, the equipment can be placed in service without further testing.

Especial Consideration for Painting and Cleaning

Weather Condition: Painting should not be carried out under adverse weather conditions, such as low temperature (below 40oC) or above 90% relative humidity or during rain or fog, or when the surfaces are less than 30oC above dew point, except to the approval of the Engineer or his duly appointed representative.

Dew Linger Point: On sheltered or unventilated horizontal surfaces on which dew may linger more protection is needed and to achieve this additional top coat of paint should be applied.

Damp & Condensation: Paint should not be applied to surfaces which are superficially or structurally damp and condensation must be absent before the application of each coat.

Sheet & Bright Parts: All plain sheet and bright parts should be coated with grease, oil or other approved rust preventive before dispatch and during erection and this coating should be cleaned off and the parts polished before being handed over.

Joint Part: Where lapped or butted joints form part of an assembly which is assembled or part assembled prior to final painting, the jointed surfaces should be cleaned free from all scales, loose rust, dirt and grease and given one brush applied coat of zinc phosphate primer before assembly.

Paint Film Thickness: All paint film thickness quoted are minimum and refer to the dry film condition. All thickness should be determined by the correct use of approved commercial paint film thickness measuring meters.

Bolt & Timber Painting: Structural bolts should be galvanized, sherardized or cadmium plated and painted as for adjacent steelwork.
All structural timber like timber joists, flooring, etc. not require to be painted and should be treated with two coats exterior grade approved timber preservative.


Adequate Permission for Painting and Cleaning

Priming coats of paint should not be applied until the surfaces have been inspected and preparatory work has been approved by the Engineer or his duly appointed representative.

No consecutive coats of paint, except in the case of white, should be of the same shade. Thinners should not be used except with the written agreement of the Engineer.

The schedules differentiate between Treatment at Maker’s Works and Treatment at Site after Completion of Erection but the locations at which different stages of the treatments are carried out may be modified always providing that each change is specifically agreed to by the Engineer and the painting is finished at Site to the Engineer’s satisfaction.

The Service provider should ensure that precautions are taken in packing and crating to avoid damage to the protective treatment applied before shipment, during transport to the site.


This article described in brief on service provider obligation on materials and workmanship of civil work to execute an underground power transmission cable project.

How See Standards and Samples

All materials should  be the best quality of the respective kings specified or described in the Specification and Drawings and should  comply in all respects with the latest edition or amendment of the relevant British Standard except and insofar as that Standard is amended by this specification or Drawings.


The Works are to be constructed to lines, levels graded and dimension set out in the Drawing and it is hardly obligation for service provider to no make any departing from these lines, levels, grade and dimensions unless authorize  agree by the Engineer.

Importance of Samples to Project Oversee

Test to identify PVC & XLPE
Samples of materials and workmanship which is proposed to employ in the execution of the works should be submitted with the detail to the Engineer for his approval.

Should any material or workmanship be employed which do not correspond in quality and character with samples the Engineer may at his discretion order their replacement on the Service provider’s responsibility.

For Example:

To predict corrosion level for underground cable and others metallic outdoor structure that would erect under scope of project, the soil sample should collect and send to engineer for laboratory analysis and take necessary action plan for future.

The amount of sample soil not less than 250g, sealed and plastic container with details location levels must be ensured.


The testing of cement, concrete, brick, soil samples or other materials as required in connection with the construction of the Works should be carried out in laboratories approved by the Engineer. The Service provider should pay all costs incurred in making, transporting, testing and providing equipment for the testing of materials.


The service provider  should  keep his Works free from water so that all the work may be carried out in the dry and he should  construct any temporary dams, water courses and other Works and provide operate and maintain pumps as may be necessary for this purpose, all at his own expense.


Soil Disposal in Site Work
Typical Cable Trench
Throughout the period of construction of the Works the Service provider should maintain the whole area of his operation in a clean, tidy and safe condition by arranging his materials in an orderly manner. 

All rubbish, waste materials, spoil, debris etc. should  be systematically cleared off the working areas as it accumulated and should  be deposited at connection points allocated by the Engineer and removal from site by the Service provider  at his own expense.

No mining or quarrying right are included in this Contact, but surplus soil may be sold by the Service provider after agreement with the Engineer that the employer has no use for that soil. 

Access must be maintained during trenching works and removal, and return of soil from and to site to allow for this is deemed to be included in the excavation rates.



We as a Blogger know, free blogging platform provides a little bit limited tools to compose the blog post. But in this like and sharing age, we want to give and take unlimited, in online every day. That’s way today we need to be customized to present more attaractive and useful blogging stuff getting further visitors conversation.

If you are seeking a Download button to add in your blog post, to share some documents- like images, pdf or other formatted file that will give single click download provision. Then you have reached in the right place. WAZIPOINT will show you step by step, how to add a download button in your blog post whereas you like.


How to Add Download Button in Blog-Post Step by Step

Just following few steps below, you can get able to add Download button in your blog post easily. Oky, let’s move__
Go to Blogger Dashboard > Template;
First of all log in your blog account and go to blogger dashboard, as shown in red circle in figure below.
Blogger Template in Dashboard
Backup your Template before making any changes to your blog;
It’s better to take backup before any change in HTML code. Just clicking the Backup/Restore button at top-right corner in your window and following the instruction you can do this, as shown in figure below. 
Blogger Template Backup & Restore
Click on Edit HTML ;
Make change your HTML code, just clicking on Edit HTML button you can get the HTML code window.
Blogger Template
Press Ctrl + F and search the code “]]></b:skin>”;
When window with HTML code appear to you after following step-3, just click on anywhere on HTML code area to place window cursor. Then a search box like below figure will appear, type the code ]]></b:skin>” into the sesrch box and hit enter button on your key pad; check the difference “typed code will appear as highlighted” as shown in figure in step-5.

Blogger Template Search
Now add the below  code just Above/Before ]]></b:skin>;
Blogger Template Code Search
Copy the below code and paste just above the code that highlighted as in above figure:
.downloadbutton {margin:20px auto;padding:20px 0;width:200px;}
.downloadbutton a {background:#fff;;color:#666;display:block;font-size:17px;font-weight:700;
.downloadbutton a:hover {background:#ddd;}
.downloadbutton a:before {content:"\f019";font-family:FontAwesome;font-weight:normal;
.downloadbutton span {background:#444;color:#fff;display:block;font-size:12px;font-family:'Arial', Verdana,sans-serif;height:40px;line-height:40px;text-align:center;width:200px;z-index:1;text-transform:uppercase;
.downloadbutton .up {background:#8493A0;margin:-25px auto;opacity:0;border-radius:0 0 5px 5px;transform: translate(0,-50px);transition:350ms;}
.downloadbutton .down {margin:-30px auto;opacity:0;border-radius:5px 5px 0 0;transform: translate(0,-50px);transition:350ms;}
.downloadbutton .down:before {content:"\f14a";font-family:FontAwesome;font-weight:normal;
.downloadbutton:hover .up {opacity:1;transform: translate(0,0);}
.downloadbutton:hover .down {opacity:1;transform: translate(0,-90px);}
.demobutton {margin:20px auto;padding:20px 0;width:200px;}

Clicl Save template;
Save Blogger Template
After paste the above code, save the changed hitting in as above  and come out from the window. Your blog is now ready to add Download button at anywhere in any post.

How Put Download Button & Link in Blog Post

When your blog is ready to add Download button, go to write a new post or edit an existing post.
Download Link Code
Go to HTML code mode just clicking on HTML as shown in figure. Select the exact location where you want to add the button “DOWNLOAD”, paste the below code there.
<div class="downloadbutton">
<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">DOWNLOAD</a>
<br />
<span class="up">Download Section</span>
<br />
<span class="down">Click Here</span>

NOTE: You must change the URL “” by your own targeted URL which file you do want to link as download.
You also can change red marked text by your own that will be visible in your post.
If you want download the pdf copy of this article, get from following download link:
This is test download link for you
Click for test
Hope this will be helpful for your happy blogging and happy downloading! If you think it is helpful for others, then help them sharing it in any social network and enrich your network.