Condenser of Centrifugal Water Chiller

Condenser of Centrifugal Water Chiller

The high-pressure refrigerant vapor is discharged from the compressor into a heat exchanger that acts as a condenser. 

In a water-cooled condenser, water is pumped through the tubes of the shell and-tube heat exchanger while refrigerant vapor fills the shell space surrounding the tube bundle. 


A baffle inside the condenser helps distribute the refrigerant evenly. As heat transfers from the hot, high-pressure refrigerant Vapor to the water, refrigerant condenses on the tube surfaces. 



Condenser of Centrifugal Water Chiller
Cooling Water Flowing Diagram for Centrifugal Water Chiller
Cooling water flows first through the lower tubes and then through the upper tubes. 

This produces a nearly constant temperature difference between the downward-moving refrigerant and the tube surfaces, resulting in a uniform heat transfer rate within the tube bundle. 


Condensed liquid refrigerant collects in the bottom of the shell and flows through the liquid line to the expansion devices and economizer.


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